|Statement||by F. W. Butt-Thompson. Illustrated from photos. and sketches by the author.|
|LC Classifications||HS317 .B8 1969|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||320|
|LC Control Number||69020414|
Thus the secret societies form among primitive peoples as among civilized men a means of holding the group together, a means of entertainment and instruction. The volume by Captain Butt-Thompson tells of the societies of West Africa, their organization and customs, and illustrates freely the details of what American lodge members call "the work.". Nov 01, · West African Secret Societies [F. W. Butt-Thompson] on tonyasgaapartments.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marksCited by: 5. Mar 07, · Eight Secret Societies You Might Not Know secret societies were banned from Ireland as they were said to have acted in “antagonism to Ed . Dark Magic: Portraits of West Africa’s Secret Societies Step into a world of Juju healers and devil dancers, a world where the influence of secret societies is .
Written and researched in the 's this book is as much or more about the Pagan religions and folk customs of various west African tribes as it is about any secret societies that exist in those cultures.4/5(1). The Leopard Society, also known as Ekpe or Anyoto Aniota, was the oldest of the Cross River secret societies in West tonyasgaapartments.com was all-male, most likely originating as a warrior society, and assumed importance during the Atlantic slave trade, which was centered in Calabar and dominated by the Efik people by the late s. The trade brought wealth and a range of imported products into Calabar. Voice of the Leopard: African Secret Societies and Cuba Ivor L. Miller University Press of Mississippi, In Voice of the Leopard: African Secret Societies and Cuba, Ivor L. Miller shows how African migrants and their political fraternities played a formative role in Cuban cultural history. In A History of African Societies to historian Elizabeth Isichei writes, and argue that caves during the Upper Paleolithic were used to initiate elite children into secret societies. In R. Dale Guthrie’s book The Nature of The Secret Societies of West Africa. The .
Sande, also known as zadεgi, bundu, bundo and bondo, is a women's secret society in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea and the Ivory tonyasgaapartments.com Sande society initiates girls into adulthood by rituals including female circumcision. It is alleged by its supporters to confer fertility, to instill notions of morality and proper sexual comportment, and to maintain an interest in the well-being of its. Apr 29, · Africa has a long history of cults and secret societies that have allegedly played a hand in the continent’s economics, politics and law enforcement. The Internet has shone light on many secret societies, rendering them not so secret. Here’s a little light on 12 cults and secret societies of Africa. West Africa’s great ethnic and cultural diversity makes it hazardous to Throughout the region secret societies instilled in men and women ethical standards of personal behavior. The most important secret soci- but in many respects slavery in West African societies functioned as a means of assimilation. The African Traditional Religion (ATR) is typically a system of worship deeply rooted in the reverence of a supreme being, divinities and deities, and ancestors as well. As true as the general notion of cultism might be, most rooted African secret cults started off as a requisite for the good of the people and.